Bosnia and Herzegovina: “Heart Shaped Land”

Bosnia and Herzegovina, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, and Adriatic Sea to the south, with the coastline about 20 kilometers (12 miles) long surrounding the city of Neum. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, book ended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a region that traces permanent human settlement back to the Neolithic age, during and after which it was populated by several Illyrian and Celtic civilizations. Culturally, politically, and socially, the country has one of the richest histories in the region, having been first settled by the Slavic peoples that populate the area today from the 6th through to the 9th centuries AD. They then established the first independent banate in the region, known as the Banate of Bosnia, in the early 12th century upon the arrival and convergence of peoples that would eventually come to call themselves Dobri Bošnjani ("Good Bosnians").

This evolved into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it would remain from the mid-15th to the late 19th centuries. The Ottomans brought Islam to the region, and altered much of the cultural and social outlook of the country. This was followed by annexation into the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, which lasted up until World War I. In the interwar period, Bosnia was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and after World War II, the country was granted full republic status in the newly formed Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Following the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the country proclaimed independence in 1992, which was followed by the Bosnian War, lasting until late 1995. The currency is Convertible Mark (BAM).

Some interesting facts are:
1. The name “Bosnia” comes from an Indo-European word Bosana, which means water. Which is fitting as the country is covered with beautiful lakes, rivers, waterfalls, and a strip of the Adriatic Sea.
2. It has a currency that can’t be exchanged anywhere else in the world.

3. The highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina is Maglic Mountain (2386 m), in the Sutjeska National Park.

4. Sutjeska National Park is the oldest national park in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

5. Stecak, a medieval tombstone is a religious monument that can be seen throughout the countryside of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

6. Bosnia and Herzegovina major population is comprised mainly of Muslims as well as Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox.

7. The most popular sport in the country is Association football, although no team has qualified for a European or World Championship.

For more facts visit:

Some beautiful places are:

For tourism details visit: +BiH Guide +Bosnia and Herzegovina +Bosnian Royal Family

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