Papua New Guinea: The Least Explored Country Of The World

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world; 848 languages are listed for the country, of which 12 have no known living speakers. Most of the population of over 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 per cent of its people live in urban centres. The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior. The currency is Papua New Guinean Kina (PGK).

Some interesting facts are:
1. The Island of New Guinea is named after the African country with the same name.

2. Papua New Guinea and Indonesia share the island of New Guinea which is one of the world’s largest islands.

3. The world’s only known poisonous bird, the Hooded Pitohui (Pitohui dichrous) is native to Papua New Guinea.

4. The country holds ceremonies where hundreds of valuables or pigs are distributed to all the guests.

5. The indegenous people in PNG once practice cannibalism;they hang their enemies heads as decorations.

6. The highest point in the Independent State of Papua New Guinea is Mount Wilhelm (4,509 m).

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