Monaco: The 2nd Smallest Country In The World

Monaco, is a sovereign city-state and micro state, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco has an area of 2.02 km2 (0.78 sq mi) and a population of 36,371; it is the second smallest and the most densely populated country in the world. Monaco has a land border of 4.4 km (2.7 mi), a coastline of 4.1 km (2.5 mi), and a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m (5,577 and 1,145 ft). The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires Ward, which is 161 meters (528 feet) above sea level. Monaco's most populous Quartier is Monte Carlo and the most populous Ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins. Through land reclamation, Monaco's land mass has expanded by twenty percent.


Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state. Although Prince Albert II is a constitutional monarch, he wields immense political power. The House of Grimaldi have ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297. The official language is French, but Monégasque, Italian, and English are widely spoken and understood. The state's sovereignty was officially recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861, with Monaco becoming a full United Nations voting member in 1993. Despite Monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defense is the responsibility of France. However, Monaco does maintain two small military units. The capital is Monaco. The currency is Euro (€) (EUR).

Some interesting facts are:
1. The Principality of Monaco is the second smallest country in the world. The smallest is Vatican City. Monaco's total area is only 2 square kilometers (1.24 square miles). Monaco is bordered by France on the North, South and West with the Mediterranean Sea to its East.

2. The Monaco Grand Prix is one of the most famous races in the world. Drivers take to the streets of Monaco, tackling its tight corners, narrow streets and famous tunnel. Ayrton Senna holds the record for the most wins on the track, coming first 6 times. The constructor with the most wins is Vodafone McLaren Mercedes.


3. Monaco is famous for its casino in Monte Carlo. However, residents of Monaco are not allowed to gamble or even enter the casino.


4. On the birth of Prince Rainier and Princess Grace's first child, a national holiday was declared, the people of the principality were treated to free champagne and gambling stopped for a day in the casino. Their second child, Albert II, is now ruler of Monaco.


5. There is no airport but there is a world-class heliport, the Monaco Heliport in Monte Carlo. In order to reduce noise pollution, helicopters arriving and departing fly over water. It also has an underground railway station.



6. Monaco has the lowest unemployment rate in the world at 0%. It also has the lowest poverty rate in the world and has the world's highest number of millionaires and billionaires per capita.

7. There is just one university, one secondary school and seven nursery and primary schools.


8. Monaco has the most expensive real estate market on earth, with one square metre going for almost $66,000.


9. Monaco is a special type of monarchy called a Principality, that means that it is not ruled by a king but by a Prince. The current ruler is His Serene Highness, The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, Prince Albert II (Albert Alexander Louis Pierre Grimaldi) and is one of the wealthiest royals in the world. He is married to a former South African Olympic swimmer. They met at a swimming event in Monaco in 2000 and married in 2011. His Royal House of Grimaldi has been ruling Monaco since 1297.


10. An interesting thing about its labor statistics is that almost 50,000 workers come from Italy and France every day and return after work.

For more facts visit:
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/monaco

Some beautiful places are:





For tourism details visit: +Visit Monaco 
http://www.visitmonaco.com/

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