Bulgaria: The Land Of Roses

Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe's 16th-largest country.


Organised prehistoric cultures began developing on Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period. Its ancient history saw the presence of the Thracians and later the Persians, Greeks and Romans. The emergence of a unified Bulgarian state dates back to the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 AD, which dominated most of the Balkans and functioned as a cultural hub for Slavs during the Middle Ages. With the downfall of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1396, its territories came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries.


The Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) led to the formation of the Third Bulgarian State. The following years saw several conflicts with its neighbors, which prompted Bulgaria to align with Germany in both world wars. In 1946 it became a single-party socialist state as part of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc. In December 1989 the ruling Communist Party allowed multi-party elections, which subsequently led to Bulgaria's transition into a democracy and a market-based economy. The capital and largest city is Sofia. The currency is Lev (BGN).

Some interesting facts are:
1. Bulgaria is the oldest country in Europe that hasn’t changed its name since it was first established. This happened in 681 AD.


2. Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, was founded 7000 years ago. This makes it the second oldest city in Europe.


3. The gold treasure discovered in the Varna Necropolis is the oldest one in the world. It dates back to 5000 BC.


4. It used to be land of the Thracians, and a particular hero called Spartacus was born there.


5. "Name Days" are celebrated in addition to birthdays in Bulgaria. As a matter of fact, most Bulgarians value their ‘Name Day’ more than their birthday. A Name Day, or "Saints Day" is celebrated by people named after a particular Saint.


6. Bulgarians invented the first electronic computer, digital watch and car air bag.


7. One Bulgarian claim to fame is a mini Eiffel Tower in Golden Sands resort.


8. It has the world's largest IMAX 3D cinema.


9. Bulgaria is apparently the birthplace of yogurt, and the stuff is everywhere. Not only are there about 300 varieties in supermarkets, but there’s also yogurt in many of Bulgaria’s signature dishes.


10. On the first day of March each year, Bulgarians exchange red-and-white woven bracelets with each other. They wear these Martenitsi bracelets throughout the month, until they see a stork or a blooming tree. Then, the bracelets are tied to trees as a way of welcoming springtime. This is a holiday of sorts, called Baba Marta (“Grandmother March”), and celebrates the passing of winter.


11. The roses grown in Bulgaria’s “Rose Valley” produce most (70-85%) of the world’s rose oil – a component in most perfumes.

For more facts visit:
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/bulgaria
http://www.mydestination.com/bulgaria/usefulinfo/6182355/unknown-and-fun-facts-about-bulgaria

Some beautiful places are:








For tourism details visit: +Bulgaria21.net +BulgariaToGo Private Tours +Bulgaria Travel Info +Bulgaria Travel Agent +BulgariaTurizm

http://bulgariatravel.org/

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